History on Iran’s Nuclear Program
The Iranian nuclear program became the main issue on the international community that follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facility back in August 2002. Its two facilities that’s the uranium enrichment plant that’s located in Natanz and the heavy water reactor that’s based on Arak have two possible nuclear weapon applications.
The negotiations that in fact were made in Iran and the Western countries that started in August 2002, which actually failed in creating long-term solutions. Following the negotiations made by the EU-3 that is Germany, France and also the UK back in October 2003, Iran then agreed to suspend all of its activities on uranium enrichment. Also, the EU-3 then acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and they promised in supplying Iran with its modern technology after it provided an assurance to the international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
The said suspensions on its enrichment activity lasted in June 2005 after the made election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Iran later on resumed its uranium enrichment and be able to see more here.
Almost the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran the various benefits as its return of the permanent cessation of uranium enrichment as well as other activities based with the possible nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. However, Iran had rejected such offer and the Iranian nuclear officials considers this very insulting as well as humiliating.
The US and the EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) refer Iran to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for any possible sanctions.
Back in September 2009, Iran informed the IAEA for a second uranium enrichment facility that’s under construction near from the city of Qom. Britain, France as well as US issued a joint statement which argues about the disclosure of their secret facility, which they say is a growing concern about the nuclear program of Iran. Iran however claimed it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After its revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC and the IAEA. After the talks, IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which will see Iran to ship most of the low-enriched uranium to Russia for its further enrichment with the fuel and then returned again to Iran on the use of medical research as well as cancer treatment. Iran also proposed some changes on its draft agreement, which however was rejected by the P5+1 and this deal went to nowhere.